Nuclear, thermal and electric rocket propulsion

fundamentals, systems, and applications
  • 0.75 MB
  • 5222 Downloads
  • English
by
Gordon and Breach on behalf of Agard , New York
StatementR. A. Willaume, A.Jaumotte, R. W. Bussard.
SeriesAgardograph series -- no.101
ContributionsJaumotte, Andre L., Bussard, R. W., Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13797604M

To achieve even higher temperatures, sometimes the fuel is turned into a gas, or sometimes a plasma. This is a gas-core nuclear thermal rocket, and there’s two varieties with very different advantages and disadvantages.

The first is called the closed cycle gas core NTR, also sometimes called the “nuclear lightbulb.”This was one of the first nuclear rocket designs proposed, first. Principles of Nuclear Rocket Propulsion provides an understanding of the physical principles underlying the design and operation of nuclear fission-based rocket engines.

While there are numerous texts available describing rocket engine theory and nuclear reactor theory, this is the first book available describing the integration of the two.

Enabling quick, safe and reliable in-space transportation for deep space missions. Aerojet Rocketdyne is developing nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) engine system technologies that will provide quick, safe and reliable in-space transportation to support a variety of mission.

Nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) systems have been studied in both the USA and the former Soviet Union since the s for use in space science and exploration missions. NTP uses nuclear fission to heat hydrogen to very high temperatures in a short amount of time so that the hydrogen can provide thrust as it accelerates through an engine : Douglas Burns, Stephen Johnson.

fundamentals of electric propulsion Download fundamentals of electric propulsion or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format.

Click Download or Read Online button to get fundamentals of electric propulsion book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in. In the s, rocket pioneer Wernher von Braun served as NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center director and blueprinted use of Nuclear Thermal Propulsion to send astronauts to Mars by the early s.

New work on Nuclear Thermal Propulsion builds upon NASA’s Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA) program of the : Loura Hall. Nuclear thermal rockets can provide great performance advantages compared to chemical propulsion systems.

Nuclear power sources could also be used to provide the spacecraft with electrical power for operations and scientific instrumentation. NERVA - NASA's Nuclear Energy for Rocket Vehicle Applications, a US nuclear thermal rocket program. integrated power/propulsion system and the major mission assumptions, and includes a comparison of the parameter space with current chemical and nuclear thermal propulsion Nuclear options also under consideration.

Keywords: Nuclear Electric Power, Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket, Human Mission to Mars, MHD Power Conversion. Specific impulse, a measure of rocket performance, was more than twice that of chemical rockets. Ground testing and technology development has been done on several concepts described in this book.

However, though there appear to be no technical barriers to the development of a successful nuclear rocket, no nuclear rockets have been flown in space.5/5(8). Nuclear Thermal and Electric Rocket Propulsion (AGARDograph) [Williams, R.A.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Nuclear Thermal and Electric Rocket Propulsion (AGARDograph)Author: R.A. Williams. Nuclear rockets could open up solar system and help settle space. The first type of nuclear rocket uses a nuclear reactor to heat a reaction mass — hydrogen, or Author: Glenn Harlan Reynolds.

The book follows a unified approach to present the basic principles of rocket propulsion in concise and lucid form. This textbook comprises of ten chapters ranging from brief introduction and elements of rocket propulsion, aerothermodynamics to solid, liquid and hybrid propellant rocket engines with chapter on electrical propulsion.

Principles of Nuclear Rocket Propulsion. provides an understanding of the physical principles underlying the design and operation of nuclear fission-based rocket engines. While there are numerous texts available describing rocket engine theory and nuclear reactor theory, this is the first book available describing the integration of the two subject areas.

Nuclear propulsion state of the art Nucleo-thermal rocket propulsion was developed both in the U.S. and in Russia aiming to satisfy the simultaneous need for high thrust and high specific impulse. The nuclear propulsion development efforts lasted in the U.S. from until Twenty rockets and furnaces were.

Get this from a library. Nuclear, thermal and electric rocket propulsion; fundamentals, systems, and applications. [R A Willaume; North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development.;].

NASA Wants to Send Nuclear Rockets to the Moon and Mars It’s baaaack: Nuclear propulsion, first floated in the ’60s, is hot again. President Trump’s Mars ambitions might even hinge on it.

Very good. Rare (one OCLC library holding for this first edition, one holding for the reprint). "The purpose of this booklet is to explain in simple terms what nuclear rocket propulsion is, how it differs from existing ways of propelling rockets, and how it is being achieved. NTP = Nuclear Thermal Propulsion NTR = Nuclear Thermal Rocket NTREES = Nuclear Thermal Rocket Element Environmental Simulator PEC = Pulsed Electric Current SLS = Space Launch System I.

Introduction Development efforts in the United States have demonstrated the viability and performance potential of NTP Size: KB. Nuclear power offers both reliability and power, in far greater measure than any other type of system available.

From nuclear thermal rockets, which turn the heat of a nuclear reactor directly into thrust, to nuclear electric power supplies for both propulsion and the electricity that’s needed to survive in space, to nuclear pulse propulsion. NTER: Nuclear Thermal-Electric Rocket There is a type of nuclear propulsion that can have most of the acceleration of a nuclear thermal rocket but also the high Isp of an electric thruster.

Let’s have a look at nuclear ‘thermal-electric’ engines and their : Matter Beam. In the past we’ve talked about specific impulse being a measure of rocket efficiency.

Description Nuclear, thermal and electric rocket propulsion FB2

Well, a nuclear-electric propulsion system is on the order of ten or twenty times more efficient than your typical high-performance liquid hydrogen / liquid oxygen chemical propulsion rocket such as J-2X or RS Rocket A shoots all the fuel at once (again, like a nuclear propulsion engine) with a fuel speed of u and rocket B shoots two blobs of fuel—first a shot of m/2 and another one of m/2.

Both start. Nuclear thermal rocket program to provide Bi-Modal propulsion capability for future human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars and generating electrical power for spacecraft systems.

Design studies for Various Fuel Types and Configurations including: PBR, UO2-Moly CERMET and Twisted Ribbon Ternary Carbide fuel forms. nearest term application of nuclear power for propulsion.

Several fission based propulsion schemes have been proposed for in-space transportation, including pulsed nuclear explosions and the Nuclear Thermal Rocket (NTR).1 In the NTR a cooling fluid or propellant is passed through a core of material that has been heated by Size: 1MB.

Nuclear thermal propulsion has a number of advantages over current chemical and electric propulsion systems. A spacecraft using NTP could cut Author: Jay Bennett. The Basics of Nuclear Rocketry. A nuclear reaction typically releases ten million times the energy of a chemical reaction.

Thus, it would seem that the weight of the fuel necessary for a nuclear rocket to deliver a certain payload would be significantly less than the weight of the fuel a chemical rocket would need to heave the same weight the same distance.

Fundamentals of Electric Propulsion: Ion and Hall Thrusters March The research described in this publication was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Details Nuclear, thermal and electric rocket propulsion FB2

Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service. Abstract—The nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) represents the next “evolutionary step” in high performance rocket propulsion. Unlike conventional chemical rockets that produce their energy through combustion, the NTR derives its energy from fission of Uranium atoms contained within fuel elements that comprise the engine’s reactor by: Nuclear pulse propulsion or external pulsed plasma propulsion is a hypothetical method of spacecraft propulsion that uses nuclear explosions for thrust.

It was first developed as Project Orion by DARPA, after a suggestion by Stanislaw Ulam in Newer designs using inertial confinement fusion have been the baseline for most post-Orion designs, including Project Daedalus and Project Longshot.

Inthe SNPO also created the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Applications (NERVA) program to develop nuclear-thermal propulsion. Nuclear-powered rocket engines are not new. In the s, both the U.S. and the Soviet Union developed and tested thermal nuclear rockets fitted .preferred propulsion option because of its proven tech-nology, higher performance, lower launch mass, sim-ple assembly, and growth potential (e.g., “bimodal” operation).

Furthermore, in contrast to other advanced propulsion options, Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) requires no .Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) NASA’s history with nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) technology goes back to the earliest days of the Agency.

The Rover and the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle App li cations programs ran from soon after NASA’s inception in until Since then, consistent recognition existsFile Size: 1MB.